Champagne Reinette

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Fruit Fact: Champagne Reinette, a variety of apples

A unique ancient and beautiful, distinguished platinum colored reinette apple that really does taste like champagne when tree-ripened, but a more accurate description would put it in the "pineapple" family of flavors - sweet, yet offset by a pronounced sharpness along with a good aromatic tanginess more akin of pineapple. This apple will easily over-ripen in the abundant heat of California, at which point it is simply delightful right off the tree but goes mealy quickly once picked. Wood from the large tree at Filoli Mansion often finds its way into the annual Santa Clara scion wood exchange.

Variety Background:

Most Common Name: Champagne Reinette
Species: malus domestica chance seedling
Synonyms: Loskrieger, Champagnerrenette, Reinette de Versailles, Champagner Reinette, Glasrenette, Herrenapfel, Käsapfel, Zwiebelapfel
Origin: Thought to have originated 1667 in Champagne, France. The first written record of this apple came from the famous German pomologue Diel in 1899 who referred to it as 'Loskrieger', a German name. But it gained notoriety in France under the name 'reinette de Champagne' and 'reinette de versailles', and is currently known in Germany as "Champagner Reinetter"
Patents or Trademarks: None

Fruit:

Description: Light yellow reinette type skin, medium sized, irregular rectangular shape. It often will develop a slight pink blush and some russeting at the calyx. The skin is slightly greasy and tough, enclosing white flesh with a transparent light green hue.

Flavor and tasting notes: Champagne reinette is a very pleasant Juicy and crunchy champagne flavored apple. It's definitely on the tangy side but with plenty of sweetness, with hints of pineapple. If you like gravenstein, you will like champagne reinette.

Adaptation:

Unfortunately the hot California weather makes it easy for the apple to over-ripen, at which point it behaves more like a Summer apple and will go mealy within days of being picked. Because of how easily it over-ripens, we don't recommend this apple for hot lower latitude climates like inland Northern California, Southern California, and the southeast. However, champagne reinette will thrive in the cool coastal regions of Central and Northern California and the Pacific Northwest. Not suitable for cold short season climates where it will not ripen properly. Performs well in a variety of soils, including poor sandy soils.

Bloom Time Rating:

Growth Habit:

Precocious bearer, makes short and densely spaced spurs that will easily overbear grapelets of apples. As such, tends to lack a bit of vigor unless properly thinned, and will peter out in growth. It's essentially T2 in vigor until it starts to bear, at which point its vigor drops to T1. Excellent specimen for espaliers and container gardening. If you are grafting a "Franken-tree" then consider placing this variety on a main vertical leader higher up on your tree.

Vigor: T1

Harvest, storage and consumption:

Ripens early October in coastal northern California to early November in New York. In California it's tempting to let it over-ripen on the tree, at which point it's delicious but is also a poor keeper and will quickly go mealy. if harvested earlier it will keep well. Where it ripens in colder weather it becomes an even better keeper, where it will store under conventional storage all the way into April. We usually pick them early to store them, but we always leave a few stragglers behind so that we can enjoy them fresh off the tree when they turn platinum in color and exude a wonderful aroma almost reminiscent of champagne.

Begin of Harvest: mid Sept
End of Harvest: early Oct
Stores Until: early April

Usage:

Mostly a table apple, but juicy enough to be a good cider apple. Tends to go mushy when cooked, but might make good apple sauce.

Eating: Yes
Cooking: No
Cider: Yes

Diseases:

Susceptible to scab.

Scab Susceptibility: High
Fire Blight Susceptibility:
Powdery Mildew Susceptibility:
Cedar Apple Rust Susceptibility:
Black Rot Susceptibility:
Phytopthera Rots Susceptibility:
Fly Speck Susceptibility:
Coddling Moth Susceptibility:

Nurseries that carry this variety:

GRIN Cross Reference: PI 264688

forums9.ch Apple Directory: Champagner Reinette

Not generally available in US nurseries, but scion wood is readily available.

Photo Gallery

This is the more typical appearance of a ripe champagne reinette, a pale yellow. But it's hard to catch on camera the platinum glow of a tree ripe reinette champagne. (c) http://www.forums9.ch/

This is what the fruit should look like when it's picked for long term storage. (c) GRIN